120. Is the East Still Red?

A redundant question one would think.

Academics like Joseph W. ESHERICK, Martin Hart-Landsberg work, the American magazine Monthly Review, Links International Journal of Socialist Renewal in Australia along with the myriad of leftist schools of thought and old friends of China like the American William Hinton and China resident Fred Engst have all covered the restoration of capitalism in post-Mao China.

Support for the present Chinese regime is far from likely to come from sources formerly considered revisionists by the Communist Party of China, such as the Communist Party of India (Marxist), and the occasional apologetic from the pro-China trend such as the American Freedom Road Socialist Organisation. 

Even long-term supporters like JOSE MARIA SISON ,founding Chairman, Communist Party of the Philippines, said in a 2016 interview with New Culture Magazine associated with Communist Reconstruction Union of Brazil

”Indeed, the Dengist counter-revolution resulted in the restoration of capitalism in China and its integration in the world capitalist system. By Lenin’s economic definition of modern imperialism, China has become imperialist. Bureaucrat and private monopoly capital has become dominant in Chinese society. It is exporting surplus capital to other countries. Its capitalist enterprises combine with other foreign capitalist enterprises to exploit third countries and the global market. China colludes and competes with other imperialist countries in expanding economic territory, such as sources of cheap labor and raw materials, fields of investments, markets, strategic vantage points and spheres of influence.

However, China has not yet engaged in a war of aggression to acquire a colony, a semi-colony, protectorate or dependent country. It is not yet very violent in the struggle for a redivision of the world among the big capitalist powers, like the US, Japan, Germany and Italy behaved in joining the ranks of imperialist powers. It is with respect to China’s contention with more aggressive and plunderous imperialist powers that may be somehow helpful to revolutionary movements in an objective and indirect way. China is playing an outstanding role in the economic bloc BRICS and in the security organization Shanghai Cooperation Organization beyond US control.”

China has also seen the rise of a vocal political movement of “neo-Maoists” — militant leftists who espouse many of the utopian egalitarian ideas that China’s current leaders have largely abandoned. In 2015 self-styled “Chinese Maoist communists” from 13 provinces and cities held a two-day secret meeting in Luoyang City in central China’s Henan province. The manifesto they published afterwards online was nothing less than a call for revolution to overthrow the current system, which they claimed had evolved into a “bourgeois fascist dictatorship led by bureaucrat monopolist capitalists”.

Explaining China

Pao-yu Ching’s ‘China: Socialist Development and Capitalist Restoration’


Listen on Soundcloud


Communist Party of Australia (Marxist-Leninist)

2012 13th National Congress Resolution on China noted

“that the restorationists in China have the upper hand and that the most likely future for China is one of further embedding capitalist practices at the expense of the interests of the Chinese workers and peasants. “

2018 published,

EXPLAINING CHINA: How a socialist country took the capitalist road to social-imperialism

Click to access Explaining+China+Final+v2.pdf

Communist Party of India (Maoist)

China: A Modern Social-Imperialist Power

: An Integral Part of the Capitalist-Imperialist System [2017]

Also 2019 text primarily written by Ragnar V. Røed, to a large degree based on the document from the Communist Party of India (Maoist)

China – A Social Imperialist Power

Marxistisch-Leninistische Partei Deutschlands (MLPD)

From the Restoration of Capitalism to Social Imperialism in China

German edition May 1981, Kommunistischer Arbeiterbund Deutschlands (KABD)
(Communist Workers’ League of Germany)

English edition October 1987, published by the Marxist-Leninist Party of Germany (MLPD)

Publishing house: Neuer Weg Verlag und Druck GmbH, Germany

https://www.mlpd.de/chinese/2019/from-the-restoration-of-capitalism-to-social-imperialism-in-china [Improved English edition 2019]

See previous post 111. MLPD not joining the party

Stefan Engel [2017]

On the Emergence of the New-Imperialist Countries


New Zealand

Is China an Imperialist Country? Considerations and Evidence

By N. B. Turner, et al. [2014]


An earlier text from Ray Nunes of the Workers’ Party of New Zealand on

The Restoration of Capitalism in China

https://www.marxists.org/history/erol/new-zealand/nunes-marx-mao/nunes-restoration.htm [1995?]


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